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:: Volume 4, Issue 2 (Summer 2015) ::
Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery 2015, __VOLUME_4_(_3_ISSUE__): 69-78 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of domestic violence and its related factors in pregnant women in both urban and rural population in Zarand city, 2014
Maryam Ali Kamali , Fatemeh Rahimi Kian *, Mandana Mir Mohamad Ali , Abbas Mehran , Elham Shafiei
The member of the faculty of the Department of Reproductive Health Care Research Center for Nursing and Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Iran , rahimikian@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (6149 Views)
Background and aims: Domestic violence is a public cultural and health-related problem that its prevalence varies among different societies and affects pregnancy outcomes in direct and indirect fashions. The aim of this study was to compare domestic violence and its related factors in rural and urban pregnant women in Zarand. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 400 pregnant women referred to Zarand’s urban and rural healthcare centers during 2014 were included by simple (convenient) sampling method. Demographic and CTS-2 questionnaires were given to the samples. Data was analyzed by means of the independent t-test, Kruskal-Wallis and Friedman’s statistical tests. Results: The study results showed that domestic violence the mean of violence in urban and rural pregnant women was 1.82±2.86 and 1.00±1.60 in physical domain, 2.93±1.61 and 2.04±1.46 in psychological domain, 3.87±2.93 and 1.99±2.89 in sexual domain, and 1.43±1.89 and 2.29±2.36 in injury-resulted violence, respectively. A significant difference between urban and rural groups in physical, psychological and sexual violence was observed (P<0.01), but there was no statistically significant difference in injury-resulted violence between two groups. Woman’s age, spouse’s age and education level, economic (financial) status, number of pregnancies and children, marriage duration and spouse’s addiction (drug/substance abuse) were significantly related to the types of domestic violence (P<0.05). Conclusion: According to project results about high domestic violence, it is recommended screening violence in the all health and therapy centers.
Keywords: Domestic violence, Pregnancy, Risk factors, Rural, Urban
Full-Text [PDF 249 kb]   (1515 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/01/22 | Accepted: 2015/05/4 | Published: 2015/05/19
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Ali Kamali M, Rahimi Kian F, Mir Mohamad Ali M, Mehran A, Shafiei E. Comparison of domestic violence and its related factors in pregnant women in both urban and rural population in Zarand city, 2014. Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery. 2015; 4 (2) :69-78
URL: http://jcnm.skums.ac.ir/article-1-270-en.html
Volume 4, Issue 2 (Summer 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله بالینی پرستاری و مامایی Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery
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