Background and aims: The metabolic syndrome is a combination of factors such as abdominal obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia which increase the risk of many diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and stroke.
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among nurses in in Shahid Mohammadi hospital of Bandar Abbas.
Methods: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study among 197 nurses of Shahid Mohammadi hospital of Bandar Abbas in 2013-2014. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was assessed by American Heart Association/the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (AHA/ NHLBI), International Diabetes Federation (IDF), National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP (ATP III) and Iranian criteria. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, T-test, and Mann-Whitney Tests.
Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among nurses were detected as 11.7%, 19.8%, 16.2% and 12.7% based on NCEP (ATP III), AHA/ NHLBI, and IDF, Iranian criteria, respectively. Based on NCEP (ATP III), the syndrome was more prevalent among men, emergency staff and night shifts. However, the results were not statistically significant. In addition, the results of Mann-Whitney showed a significant difference in BMI between individuals with metabolic syndrome and healthy people (P=0.001).
Conclusion: Results of this study showed that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among nurses same as the global prevalence. Metabolic syndrome is significantly related to the body mass index. Other factors such as age, sex, working award and working shift do not have significant effect. Finally, early detection and treatment of metabolic system needs specific program in health system. This would increase nurses’ health and decrease the disability and costs due to metabolic syndrome.