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:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (10-2017) ::
Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery 2017, __VOLUME_4_(_3_ISSUE__): 33-43 Back to browse issues page
The effect of peer group training on self-care of elderly with diabetes mellitus
Maryam Ghasemi , Habibollah Hosseini *, Fakhri Sabouhi
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, I.R. Iran , h_hoseini@nm.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (353 Views)
Background and aims: The prevalence of chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, in elderly can be controlled with training self-control behaviors, especially in peer groups. Regarding to specific conditions and greater rate of complications in the elderly, the peer group self-care education is in specific importance among these patients. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of peer group training on the self-care of elderly with diabetes in selected health centers of Isfahan.
Methods: The present clinical trial compared 21 elderly patients with diabetes higher than 65 years old trained by a peer educator and 23 elderly patients received training by none peer group (trained by a researcher) for 4 months. The samples were randomly divided into two groups. The self-care behaviors were assessed by a questionnaire in 4 dimensions of diet, sport, glucose test, and diabetic drugs and the results were compared between groups. T-independent for statistical tests and to compare three times in a group was used ANOVA with repeated observations.
Results: The total score of self-care in the test group increased significantly from 31±5.61 before intervention, to 42±7.01 after intervention and  35.55±5.11 one month after intervention, while the control group had no significant change. Different dimensions of the questionnaire were not statistically with a significant difference between groups, except in the field of sports was significant a month later intervention (P=0.05). There was a direct  relationship between level of education and self-care score.
Conclusion: According to the findings, training the elderly patients with diabetes by a peer group can promote their self-care. Therefore, training with a peer group is advised as an efficient method for improving self-care of elderly diabetic patients.
Keywords: Aged, Diabetes mellitus, Peer group, Self-care.
Full-Text [PDF 769 kb]   (219 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/19 | Accepted: 2017/04/9 | Published: 2017/10/4
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Ghasemi M, Hosseini H, Sabouhi F. The effect of peer group training on self-care of elderly with diabetes mellitus. Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery. 2017; 6 (3) :33-43
URL: http://jcnm.skums.ac.ir/article-1-667-en.html
Volume 6, Issue 3 (10-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله بالینی پرستاری و مامایی Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery
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