Journal of Clinical Nursing and Midwifery has adopted the ICMJE recommendations for authorship. According to the ICMJE recommendations the authorship is based on the four criteria below:
- Considerable contributions to the conception or design of the work, or the gathering, analysis or interpretation of data.
- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
- Final approval of the published version.
- Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that queries regarding the accuracy or integrity of any parts of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
In addition to being accountable for the parts of the conducted work, an author should be able to clearly recognize which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. Furthermore, authors should have confidence in the integrity of their co-authors’ contributions. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria of authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be listed as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding, the gathering of data, technical help, writing assistance, and general supervision of the research group does not mean authorship. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Please ensure that anyone mentioned in the Acknowledgements has given permission to be listed.
A contributorship statement is necessary for every manuscript submitted and should state authors’ contributions to the planning, conduct, and reporting of the work.
Mention individuals who assisted in the project. Report all sources of grant and other funding for the project or study, including funds paid by contributors, institutions
and commercial sources. Consultancies and funds directly paid to investigators must be listed, as well.
Any change in authorship (ie, order, addition, and deletion) after initial submission must be approved by all authors. Authors should determine the order of authorship among themselves. In addition, any alterations must be clarified to the Editor/Editor-in-chief.